Invest In Us

Publications

We have a rich body of publications from our scientists.

1. Epidemiology of Maternal, Newborn & Child Health

1. Direct maternal morbidity and the risk of pregnancy-related deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa: A population-based prospective cohort study in 8 countries.

Researcher: Aftab F, Ahmed I, Ahmed S, et al.

Journal: PLoS Med. 2021;

Publication No.: 18(6):e1003644.

2. Population-based rates, timing, and causes of maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country prospective cohort study.

Researcher: Alliance for Maternal and Newborn Health Improvement (AMANHI) mortality study group.

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2018;

Publication No.: 6(12):e1297-e1308.

3. Determinants of maternal deaths amongst mothers who suffered from post-partum haemorrhage: a community-based case control study.

Researcher: Khanna D, Singh JV, Agarwal M, Kumar V.

Journal: Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;

Publication No.: 5(7):2814-2820.

4. Maternal, neonatal deaths and stillbirths mortality cohort study. Burden, timing and causes of maternal and neonatal deaths and stillbirths in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: protocol for a prospective cohort study.

Researcher: AMANHI study group.

Journal: J Glob Health. 2016;

Publication No.: 6(2):020602.

5. Burden of severe maternal morbidity and association with adverse birth outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia: protocol for a prospective cohort study.

Researcher: AMANHI Maternal Morbidity study group.

Journal: J Glob Health. 2016;

Publication No.: 6(2):020601.

6. Aetiology of childhood viral gastroenteritis in Lucknow, north India.

Researcher: Gupta S, Singh KP, Jain A, Srivastava S, Kumar V, Singh M.

Journal: Indian J Med Res. 2015;

Publication No.: 141(4):469-472.

7. Prospective multi-centre sentinel surveillance for Haemophilus influenzae type b & other bacterial meningitis in Indian children.

Researcher: Ramachandran P, Fitzwater SP, Aneja S, et al.

Journal: Indian J Med Res. 2013;

Publication No.: 137(4):712-720.

8. Birth interval and risk of stillbirth or neonatal death: findings from rural north India.

Researcher: Williams EK, Hossain MB, Sharma RK, Kumar V, Pandey CM, Baqui AH.

Journal: J Trop Pediatr. 2008;

Publication No.: 54(5):321-327.

9. Rates, timing and causes of neonatal deaths in rural India: implications for neonatal health programmes.

Researcher: Baqui AH, Darmstadt GL, Williams EK, et al.

Journal: Bull World Health Organ. 2006;

Publication No.: 84(9):706-713.

2. Methods & Metrics for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health

10. Evaluation of a call center to assess post-discharge maternal and early neonatal outcomes of facility-based childbirth in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Gass JD Jr, Semrau K, Sana F, et al.

Journal: PLoS One. 2018;

Publication No.: 13(11):e0207987.

11. Centralized Data Management in a Multicountry, Multisite Population-based Study.

Researcher: Rahman QS, Islam MS, Hossain B, et al.

Journal: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;

Publication No.: 35(5 Suppl 1):S23-S28.

12. Methods Employed in Monitoring and Evaluating Field and Laboratory Systems in the ANISA Study: Ensuring Quality.

Researcher: Connor NE, Islam MS, Arvay ML, et al.

Journal: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016;

Publication No.: 35(5 Suppl 1):S39-S44.

13. A shortened verbal autopsy instrument for use in routine mortality surveillance systems.

Researcher: Serina P, Riley I, Stewart A, et al.

Journal: BMC Med. 2015;

Publication No.: 13:302.

14. Improving performance of the Tariff Method for assigning causes of death to verbal autopsies.

Researcher: Serina P, Riley I, Stewart A, et al.

Journal: BMC Med. 2015;

Publication No.: 13:291.

15. Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods.

Researcher: Murray CJ, Lozano R, Flaxman AD, et al.

Journal: BMC Med. 2014;

Publication No.: 12:5.

16. Revising the WHO verbal autopsy instrument to facilitate routine cause-of-death monitoring.

Researcher: Leitao J, Chandramohan D, Byass P, et al.

Journal: Glob Health Action. 2013;

Publication No.: 6:21518.

17. Population Health Metrics Research Consortium gold standard verbal autopsy validation study: design, implementation, and development of analysis datasets.

Researcher: Murray CJ, Lopez AD, Black R, et al.

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:27.

18. Performance of the Tariff Method: validation of a simple additive algorithm for analysis of verbal autopsies.

Researcher: James SL, Flaxman AD, Murray CJ; Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC).

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:31.

19. Direct estimation of cause-specific mortality fractions from verbal autopsies: multisite validation study using clinical diagnostic gold standards.

Researcher: Flaxman AD, Vahdatpour A, James SL, Birnbaum JK, Murray CJ; Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC).

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:35.

20. Performance of InterVA for assigning causes of death to verbal autopsies: multisite validation study using clinical diagnostic gold standards.

Researcher: Lozano R, Freeman MK, James SL, et al.

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:50.

21. Random forests for verbal autopsy analysis: multisite validation study using clinical diagnostic gold standards.

Researcher: Flaxman AD, Vahdatpour A, Green S, James SL, Murray CJ; Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC).

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:29.

22. Performance of physician-certified verbal autopsies: multisite validation study using clinical diagnostic gold standards.

Researcher: Lozano R, Lopez AD, Atkinson C, et al.

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:32.

23. Simplified Symptom Pattern Method for verbal autopsy analysis: multisite validation study using clinical diagnostic gold standards.

Researcher: Murray CJ, James SL, Birnbaum JK, et al.

Journal: Popul Health Metr. 2011;

Publication No.: 9:30.

3. Community Systems: Context, Design, Evaluation of Maternal, Newborn & Child Health Interventions

24. Effects of emollient therapy with sunflower seed oil on neonatal growth and morbidity in Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomized, open-label, controlled trial.

Researcher: Kumar V, Kumar A, Mishra S, et al.

Journal: Am J Clin Nutr. 2022;

Publication No.: 115(4):1092-1104.

25. Preterm care during the COVID-19 pandemic: A comparative risk analysis of neonatal deaths averted by kangaroo mother care versus mortality due to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Researcher: Minckas N, Medvedev MM, Adejuyigbe EA, et al.

Journal: EClinicalMedicine. 2021;

Publication No.: 33:100733.

26. Small and sick newborn care during the COVID-19 pandemic: global survey and thematic analysis of healthcare providers voices and experiences.

Researcher: Rao SPN, Minckas N, Medvedev MM, et al.

Journal: BMJ Glob Health. 2021;

Publication No.: 6(3):e004347.

27. Centering and humanising health systems: empowerment through Kangaroo Mother Care.

Researcher: Willson M, Kumar V, Darmstadt GL.

Journal: J Glob Health. 2021;

Publication No.: 11:03105.

28. Effect of sunflower seed oil emollient therapy on newborn infant survival in Uttar Pradesh, India: A community-based, cluster randomized, open-label controlled trial.

Researcher: Kumar A, Mishra S, Singh S, et al.

Journal: PLoS Med. 2021;

Publication No.: 18(9):e1003680.

29. Developing a Culturally Sensitive Training Program for Recognition of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy in Rural India.

Researcher: Malhotra A, Fahey M, Miller SL, Jenkin G, Wallace EM, et al.

Journal: Int J Pediatr Res. 2016;

Publication No.: 2:024.

30. Enculturating science: Community-centric design of behavior change interactions for accelerating health impact.

Researcher: Kumar V, Kumar A, Ghosh AK, et al.

Journal: Semin Perinatol. 2015;39(5):

Publication No.: 393-415.

31. Women's political participation and health: a health capability study in rural India.

Researcher: Feldman CH, Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, Ruger JP.

Journal: J Health Polit Policy Law. 2015;

Publication No.: 40(1):101-164.

32. Effect of knowledge of community health workers on essential newborn health care: a study from rural India.

Researcher: Agrawal PK, Agrawal S, Ahmed S, et al.

Journal: Health Policy Plan. 2012;

Publication No.: 27(2):115-126.

33. Community-driven impact of a newborn-focused behavioral intervention on maternal health in Shivgarh, India.

Researcher: Kumar V, Kumar A, Das V, et al.

Journal: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012;

Publication No.: 117(1):48-55.

34. Impact of community-based behaviour-change management on perceived neonatal morbidity: a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Willis JR, Kumar V, Mohanty S, et al.

Journal: J Trop Pediatr. 2012;

Publication No.: 58(4):286-291.

35. Clean cord care practices and neonatal mortality: evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Agrawal PK, Agrawal S, Mullany LC, et al.

Journal: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012;

Publication No.: 66(8):755-758.

36. 60 Million non-facility births: who can deliver in community settings to reduce intrapartum-related deaths?.

Researcher: Darmstadt GL, Lee AC, Cousens S, et al.

Journal: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;

Publication No.: 107 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S89-S112.

37. Utilization and perceptions of neonatal healthcare providers in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Willis JR, Kumar V, Mohanty S, et al.

Journal: Int J Qual Health Care. 2011;

Publication No.: 23(4):487-494.

38. Setting implementation research priorities to reduce preterm births and stillbirths at the community level.

Researcher: GAPPS Expert Group on Community Based Strategies and Constraints, George A, Young M, et al.

Journal: PLoS Med. 2011;

Publication No.: 8(1):e1000380.

39. Behavior change for newborn survival in resource-poor community settings: bridging the gap between evidence and impact.

Researcher: Kumar V, Kumar A, Darmstadt GL.

Journal: Semin Perinatol. 2010;

Publication No.: 34(6):446-461.

40. Comparing modelled predictions of neonatal mortality impacts using LiST with observed results of community-based intervention trials in South Asia.

Researcher: Friberg IK, Bhutta ZA, Darmstadt GL, et al.

Journal: Int J Epidemiol. 2010;

Publication No.: 39 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):i11-i20.

41. Newborn Care Practices in Urban Slums of Lucknow City, UP.

Researcher: Gupta P, Srivastava V, Kumar V, et al.

Journal: Indian J Community Med. 2010;

Publication No.: 35(1):82-85.

42. Gender differences in perception and care-seeking for illness of newborns in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Willis JR, Kumar V, Mohanty S, et al.

Journal: J Health Popul Nutr. 2009;

Publication No.: 27(1):62-71.

43. Neonatal hypothermia in low resource settings: a review.

Researcher: Kumar V, Shearer JC, Kumar A, Darmstadt GL.

Journal: J Perinatol. 2009;

Publication No.: 29(6):401-412.

44. Neonatal health program management in a resource-constrained setting in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Thomas A, Kumar V, Bhandari M, et al.

Journal: Int J Health Plann Manage. 2009;

Publication No.: 24(2):173-184.

45. Impact of an integrated nutrition and health programme on neonatal mortality in rural northern India.

Researcher: Baqui A, Williams EK, Rosecrans AM, et al.

Journal: Bull World Health Organ. 2008;

Publication No.: 86(10):796-804.

46. Community perceptions of birth weight in rural Uttar Pradesh, India: implications for care of low-birth-weight infants.

Researcher: Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, Yadav R, et al.

Journal: J Perinatol. 2008;

Publication No.: 28 Suppl 2:S53-S60.

47. Developing community-based intervention strategies to save newborn lives: lessons learned from formative research in five countries.

Researcher: Neonatal Mortality Formative Research Working Group.

Journal: J Perinatol. 2008;

Publication No.: 28 Suppl 2:S2-S8.

48. Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Researcher: Kumar V, Mohanty S, Kumar A, et al.

Journal: Lancet. 2008;

Publication No.: 372(9644):1151-1162.

49. NGO facilitation of a government community-based maternal and neonatal health programme in rural India: improvements in equity.

Researcher: Baqui AH, Rosecrans AM, Williams EK, et al.

Journal: Health Policy Plan. 2008;

Publication No.: 23(4):234-243.

50. Validation of accuracy and community acceptance of the BIRTHweigh III scale for categorizing newborn weight in rural India.

Researcher: Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, Shearer JC, et al.

Journal: J Perinatol. 2007;

Publication No.: 27(10):602-608.

51. Feasibility of community neonatal death audits in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Patel Z, Kumar V, Singh P, et al.

Journal: J Perinatol. 2007;

Publication No.: 27(9):556-564.

52. Introduction of community-based skin-to-skin care in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, Yadav R, et al.

Journal: J Perinatol. 2006;

Publication No.: 26(10):597-604.

4. Health Systems: Context, Design, Evaluation of Maternal, Newborn & Child Health Interventions

53. Optimal place of treatment for young infants aged less than two months with any low-mortality-risk sign of possible serious bacterial infection: Study Protocol for a randomised controlled trial from low- and middle-income countries.

Researcher: PSBI Study Group.

Journal: J Glob Health. 2023;

Publication No.: 13:04055.

54. How long should young infants less than two months of age with moderate-mortality-risk signs of possible serious bacterial infection be hospitalised for? Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial from low- and middle-income countries.

Researcher: PSBI Study Group.

Journal: J Glob Health. 2023;

Publication No.: 13:04056.

55. Advancing quality and safety of perinatal services in India: opportunities for effective midwifery integration.

Researcher: Vedam S, Titoria R, Niles P, et al.

Journal: Health Policy Plan. 2022;

Publication No.: 37(8):1042-1063.

56. Barriers to optimal care and strategies to promote safe and optimal management of sick young infants during the COVID-19 pandemic: A multi-country formative research study.

Researcher: PSBI Formative Research Study Group.

Journal: J Glob Health. 2022;

Publication No.: 12:05023.

57. A scalable health system model to achieve high coverage and quality of Kangaroo mother care in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Kumar A, Tiwari M, Krishna R, et al.

Journal: Acta Paediatr. 2023;

Publication No.: 112 Suppl 473:27-41.

58. Incremental costs of scaling up kangaroo mother care: Results from implementation research in Ethiopia and India.

Researcher: WHO KMC Scale Up Study Group.

Journal: Acta Paediatr. 2023;

Publication No.: 112 Suppl 473:86-94.

59. Modification of oxytocin use through a coaching-based intervention based on the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist in Uttar Pradesh, India: a secondary analysis of a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Researcher: Marx Delaney M, Kalita T, Hawrusik B, et al.

Journal: BJOG. 2021;

Publication No.: 128(12):2013-2021.

60. Unpacking the null: a post-hoc analysis of a cluster-randomised controlled trial of the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist in Uttar Pradesh, India (BetterBirth).

Researcher: Marx Delaney M, Miller KA, Bobanski L, et al.

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2019;

Publication No.: 7(8):e1088-e1096.

61. Coherence in measurement and programming in maternal and newborn health: experience from the BetterBirth trial.

Researcher: Panariello N, Jurczak A, Spector J, Kumar V, Semrau K.

Journal: J Clin Epidemiol. 2019;

Publication No.: 113:83-85.

62. Patient-experience during delivery in public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India [published correction appears in Health Policy Plan.

Researcher: Montagu D, Landrian A, Kumar V, et al.

Journal: 2020 Mar 1;35(2):244]. Health Policy Plan. 2019;

Publication No.: 34(8):574-581.

63. Knowledge, perception and practice towards oxytocin stability and quality: A qualitative study of stakeholders in three resource-limited countries.

Researcher: Oliver VL, Lambert PA, Than KK, et al.

Journal: PLoS One. 2018;

Publication No.: 13(9):e0203810.

64. Is bigger better? Assessment of self-reported and researcher-collected data on maternal health care quality among high-case-load facilities in Uttar Pradesh: a mixed-methods study [abstract].

Researcher: Phillips B, Kajal F, Montagu D, Kumar A, Kumar V.

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2018;

Publication No.: 6(S46).

65. Integration of the Opportunity-Ability-Motivation behavior change framework into a coaching-based WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist program in India.

Researcher: Hirschhorn LR, Krasne M, Maisonneuve J, et al.

Journal: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2018;

Publication No.: 142(3):321-328.

66. Outcomes of a Coaching-Based WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist Program in India.

Researcher: Semrau KEA, Hirschhorn LR, Marx Delaney M, et al.

Journal: N Engl J Med. 2017;

Publication No.: 377(24):2313-2324.

67. The BetterBirth Program: Pursuing Effective Adoption and Sustained Use of the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist Through Coaching-Based Implementation in Uttar Pradesh, India [published correction appears in Glob Health Sci Pract.

Researcher: Kara N, Firestone R, Kalita T, et al.

Journal: 2018 Mar 30;6(1):225-226]. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2017;

Publication No.: 5(2):232-243.

68. Scaling up Kangaroo Mother Care in Ethiopia and India: a multi-site implementation research study.

Researcher: Mony PK, Tadele H, Gobezayehu AG, et al.

Journal: BMJ Glob Health. 2021;

Publication No.: 6(9):e005905.

69. Does adherence to evidence-based practices during childbirth prevent perinatal mortality? A post-hoc analysis of 3,274 births in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Semrau KE, Miller KA, Lipsitz S, et al.

Journal: BMJ Glob Health. 2020;

Publication No.: 5(9):e002268.

70. Kangaroo Mother Care implementation research to develop models for accelerating scale-up in India and Ethiopia: study protocol for an adequacy evaluation.

Researcher: Medhanyie AA, Alemu H, Asefa A, et al.

Journal: BMJ Open. 2019;

Publication No.: 9(11):e025879.

71. Improving Adherence to Essential Birth Practices Using the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist With Peer Coaching: Experience From 60 Public Health Facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India [published correction appears in Glob Health Sci Pract.

Researcher: Marx Delaney M, Maji P, Kalita T, et al.

Journal: 2018 Mar 30;6(1):227]. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2017;

Publication No.: 5(2):217-231.

72. Effectiveness of the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist program in reducing severe maternal, fetal, and newborn harm in Uttar Pradesh, India: study protocol for a matched-pair, cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Researcher: Semrau KE, Hirschhorn LR, Kodkany B, et al.

Journal: Trials. 2016;

Publication No.: 17(1):576.

73. Learning before leaping: integration of an adaptive study design process prior to initiation of BetterBirth, a large-scale randomized controlled trial in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Researcher: Hirschhorn LR, Semrau K, Kodkany B, et al.

Journal: Implement Sci. 2015;

Publication No.: 10:117.

74. Assessing the magnitude, distribution and determinants of catastrophic health expenditure in urban Lucknow, North India.

Researcher: Misra S, Awasthi S, Singh J, Agarwal M, Kumar V.

Journal: Clin Epidemiol Glob Health. 2013;

Publication No.: 3

75. Estimation of out of pocket direct and indirect medical expenditure and spending burden ratio across income quintiles in urban Lucknow, India.

Researcher: Misra S, Awasthi S, Singh JV, Agarwal M, Kumar V.

Journal: Clin Epidemiol Glob Health. 2013;

Publication No.: 1(1):12-18.

76. Consensus on kangaroo mother care acceleration.

Researcher: Engmann C, Wall S, Darmstadt G, Valsangkar B, Claeson M; participants of the Istanbul KMC Acceleration Meeting.

Journal: Lancet. 2013;

Publication No.: 382(9907):e26-e27.

77. Linking families and facilities for care at birth: what works to avert intrapartum-related deaths?.

Researcher: Lee AC, Lawn JE, Cousens S, et al.

Journal: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;

Publication No.: 107 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S65-S88.

78. Client satisfaction with immunization services in urban slums of Lucknow district.

Researcher: Nath B, Singh JV, Awasthi S, Bhushan V, Singh SK, Kumar V.

Journal: Indian J Pediatr. 2009;

Publication No.: 76(5):479-483.

79. KAP Study on Immunization of Children in a City of North India – A 30 Cluster Survey.

Researcher: Nath B, Singh JV, Awasthi S, Bhushan V, Kumar V, Singh SK.

Journal: Online J Health Allied Scs. 2008;

Publication No.: 7(1):2.

80. A study on determinants of immunization coverage among 12-23 months old children in urban slums of Lucknow district, India.

Researcher: Nath B, Singh JV, Awasthi S, Bhushan V, Kumar V, Singh SK.

Journal: Indian J Med Sci. 2007;

Publication No.: 61(11):598-606.

5. Integrating Newborn Survival & Early Child Development

81. Stunting in infancy is associated with atypical activation of working memory and attention networks.

Researcher: Wijeakumar S, Forbes SH, Magnotta VA, Deoni S, Jackson K, Singh VP, Tiwari M, Kumar A, Spencer JP.

Journal: Nat Hum Behav. 2023;

Publication No.: 7(12):2199-2211.

82. Poor air quality is associated with impaired visual cognition in the first two years of life: A longitudinal investigation.

Researcher: Spencer JP, Forbes SH, Naylor S, et al.

Journal: Elife. 2023;

Publication No.: 12:e83876.

83. Early adversity in rural India impacts the brain networks underlying visual working memory.

Researcher: Wijeakumar S, Kumar A, Delgado Reyes LM, Tiwari M, Spencer JP.

Journal: Dev Sci. 2019;

Publication No.: 22(5):e12822.

6. Neural Networks

84. A hybrid computational grid architecture for comparative genomics.

Researcher: Singh A, Chen C, Liu W, Mitchell W, Schmidt B.

Journal: IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2008;

Publication No.: 12(2):218-225.

85. A novel Yager-based fuzzy neural network with the discrete clustering technique.

Researcher: Singh A, Quek C, Cho SY. DCT-Yager FNN:

Journal: IEEE Trans Neural Netw. 2008;

Publication No.: 19(4):625-644.

86. A novel self-organizing fuzzy neural network based on the Yager inference. Expert Syst Appl.

Researcher: Quek C, Singh A. POP-Yager:

Journal: N/A

Publication No.: Published online 2005.